as an impure vessel loses its status as a vessel and consequently its impurity when it can no longer be used, if they have holes the size of pomegranates.
״אֶרֶץ זֵית שֶׁמֶן״ אָמַר רַבִּי יוֹסֵי בְּרַבִּי חֲנִינָא: אֶרֶץ שֶׁכָּל שִׁיעוּרֶיהָ כְּזֵיתִים. כׇּל שִׁיעוּרֶיהָ סָלְקָא דַּעְתָּךְ?! וְהָא אִיכָּא הָנָךְ דַּאֲמַרַן! אֶלָּא אֶרֶץ שֶׁרוֹב שִׁיעוּרֶיהָ כְּזֵיתִים.
A land of olive oil: Rabbi Yosei, son of Rabbi Ḥanina, said that the verse should be expounded as follows: A land, all of whose measures are the size of olives. The Gemara poses a question: Can it enter your mind that it is a land all of whose measures are the size of olives? Aren’t there those measures that we mentioned above, which are not the size of olives? Rather, say: A land, most of whose measures are the size of olives, as most of the measures relating to forbidden foods and other matters are the size of olives.
״דְּבָשׁ״, כְּכוֹתֶבֶת הַגַּסָּה, בְּיוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים. וְאִידָךְ? הָנֵי שִׁיעוּרִין בְּהֶדְיָא מִי כְּתִיבִי? אֶלָּא מִדְּרַבָּנַן, וּקְרָא אַסְמַכְתָּא בְּעָלְמָא.
Honey, i. e., dates from which date honey is extracted, also alludes to a measurement. With regard to Yom Kippur, one is only liable if he eats the equivalent of a large date on Yom Kippur. The Gemara asks: And what will the other amora, who interpreted the verse as referring to the halakhot of precedence in blessings, say with regard to this midrash? The Gemara responds: Are these measures written explicitly in the Torah? Rather, they are by rabbinic law, and the verse is a mere support, an allusion to these measures.
רַב חִסְדָּא וְרַב הַמְנוּנָא הֲווֹ יָתְבִי בִּסְעוֹדְתָּא. אַיְיתוֹ לְקַמַּיְיהוּ תַּמְרֵי וְרִמּוֹנֵי, שְׁקַל רַב הַמְנוּנָא, בָּרֵיךְ אַתַּמְרֵי בְּרֵישָׁא. אֲמַר לֵיהּ רַב חִסְדָּא: לָא סָבַר לַהּ מָר לְהָא דְּאָמַר רַב יוֹסֵף, וְאִיתֵּימָא רַבִּי יִצְחָק: כׇּל הַמּוּקְדָּם בְּפָסוּק זֶה קוֹדֵם לִבְרָכָה?
With regard to the halakhot of precedence in blessings, the Gemara relates: Rav Ḥisda and Rav Hamnuna were sitting at a meal. They brought dates and pomegranates before them. Rav Hamnuna took and recited a blessing over the dates first. Rav Ḥisda said to him: Does the Master not hold that halakha which Rav Yosef, and some say Rabbi Yitzḥak, said: Each food that precedes the others in this verse, precedes the others in terms of blessing as well? The pomegranate precedes the date in that verse.
אֲמַר לֵיהּ: זֶה שֵׁנִי ״לְאֶרֶץ״, וְזֶה חֲמִישִׁי ״לְאֶרֶץ״. אֲמַר לֵיהּ: מַאן יָהֵיב לַן נִגְרֵי דְפַרְזְלָא וּנְשַׁמְּעִינָּךְ.
Rav Hamnuna said to him: This, the date, is mentioned second to the word land, in the verse: “ A land of olive oil and honey, ” just after the olive, and this, the pomegranate, is fifth to the word land. Rav Ḥisda said to him admiringly: Who will give us iron legs that we may serve you and constantly hear from you novel ideas.
אִיתְּמַר: הֵבִיאוּ לִפְנֵיהֶם תְּאֵנִים וַעֲנָבִים בְּתוֹךְ הַסְּעוּדָה, אָמַר רַב הוּנָא: טְעוּנִים בְּרָכָה לִפְנֵיהֶם וְאֵין טְעוּנִים בְּרָכָה לְאַחֲרֵיהֶם. וְכֵן אָמַר רַב נַחְמָן: טְעוּנִים בְּרָכָה לִפְנֵיהֶם וְאֵין טְעוּנִים בְּרָכָה לְאַחֲרֵיהֶם. וְרַב שֵׁשֶׁת אָמַר: טְעוּנִין בְּרָכָה בֵּין לִפְנֵיהֶם בֵּין לְאַחֲרֵיהֶם. שֶׁאֵין לְךָ דָּבָר שֶׁטָּעוּן בְּרָכָה לְפָנָיו וְאֵין טָעוּן בְּרָכָה לְאַחֲרָיו, אֶלָּא פַּת הַבָּאָה בְּכִסָנִין בִּלְבַד. וּפְלִיגָא דְּרַבִּי חִיָּיא דְּאָמַר רַבִּי חִיָּיא: פַּת פּוֹטֶרֶת כׇּל מִינֵי מַאֲכָל, וְיַיִן פּוֹטֵר כׇּל מִינֵי מַשְׁקִים.
It was stated: If they brought figs and grapes before them during a meal, what blessings need to be recited? Rav Huna said: They require a blessing before eating them, and do not require a blessing after eating them, as Grace after Meals exempts them. And so too, Rav Naḥman said: They require a blessing before eating them, and do not require a blessing after eating them. And Rav Sheshet said: They require a blessing both before eating them and after eating them, even if he ate them during the meal, as you have nothing which requires a blessing before eating it and does not require a blessing after eating it, because it is exempted by Grace after Meals, except bread, a sweetened and spiced pastry, that comes as dessert, as it, too, is a type of bread. The statements of both Rav Huna and Rav Sheshet disagree with the opinion of Rabbi Ḥiyya, as Rabbi Ḥiyya said: Bread exempts all the types of food that one eats after it, and wine exempts all types of drinks that one drinks after it, and one need not recite a blessing either before or after eating them.
אָמַר רַב פָּפָּא: הִלְכְתָא דְּבָרִים הַבָּאִים מֵחֲמַת הַסְּעוּדָה, בְּתוֹךְ הַסְּעוּדָה — אֵין טְעוּנִים בְּרָכָה לֹא לִפְנֵיהֶם וְלֹא לְאַחֲרֵיהֶם. וְשֶׁלֹּא מֵחֲמַת הַסְּעוּדָה, בְּתוֹךְ הַסְּעוּדָה — טְעוּנִים בְּרָכָה לִפְנֵיהֶם וְאֵין טְעוּנִים בְּרָכָה לְאַחֲרֵיהֶם. לְאַחַר הַסְּעוּדָה — טְעוּנִים בְּרָכָה, בֵּין לִפְנֵיהֶם בֵּין לְאַחֲרֵיהֶם.
Summarizing, Rav Pappa said that the halakha is: Food items that come due to the meal, which are eaten together with the bread as part of the meal, during the meal, neither require a blessing before eating them nor after eating them, as they are considered secondary to the bread. And food items like fruit, that do not come due to the meal, as part of the meal, but may be brought during the meal, require a blessing before eating them and do not require a blessing after eating them. If they come after the meal, they require a blessing both before eating them and after eating them.
שָׁאֲלוּ אֶת בֶּן זוֹמָא: מִפְּנֵי מָה אָמְרוּ דְּבָרִים הַבָּאִים מֵחֲמַת הַסְּעוּדָה בְּתוֹךְ הַסְּעוּדָה אֵינָם טְעוּנִים בְּרָכָה לֹא לִפְנֵיהֶם וְלֹא לְאַחֲרֵיהֶם? אָמַר לָהֶם: הוֹאִיל וּפַת פּוֹטַרְתָּן. אִי הָכִי, יַיִן נָמֵי נִפְטְרֵיהּ פַּת! שָׁאנֵי יַיִן
The Gemara relates that the students asked Ben Zoma: Why did the Sages say that food items that come due to the meal during the meal, neither require a blessing before eating them nor after eating them? He said to them: Because bread exempts them. They asked: If so, bread should also exempt wine. Yet, one recites a blessing over wine during the meal. The Gemara responds: Wine is different,